The history of badminton (badminton) is believed to have started around 2000 years ago in the area of ancient Egypt, although at that time it was only a small game with kok and racket. Badminton itself is believed to have appeared in England in 1800 and was brought to the world.
Tracing the History of Badminton Sports
The beginnings of badminton can be traced to areas of India that were then controlled by British troops in the mid 1800s. During this time, a photograph of British soldiers stationed there was adding the net to a traditional English game called battledore and shuttlecok. This sport is similar to badminton ball originating from Tamil Nadu, an area in South India, and with the Hanetsuki game from Japan. The ancestor of this sport is thought to be a traditional Chinese game called Jianzi, only Jianzi doesn't use a racket. Jianzi's game replaces the racket with legs to keep it from falling to the ground as long as possible without the help of a hand.
Because at that time the game was very popular in the Poona area (now called Pune, one of the regions in India), so this game was also known as Poona. At the beginning the ball which was created from wool was preferred by the upper class when the air condition was windy or wet, but in the end the shuttlecock was used as the object of the toss. This game was brought back to England by retired soldiers and began to develop and create rules and start the history of badminton (badminton).
It is unknown when and why the name Badminton is used. What is known is that the name was taken from a building owned by the Duke of Beaufort in Gloucestershire called Badminton House. The naming process that can be traced is in the early 1890s where Isaac Spratt, a toy seller in London, released a booklet titled "Badminton Battledore - a brand-new game," but unfortunately there was no trace of the print. In 1863, an article in Corhill Magazine wrote badminton as "Battledore and Shuttlecock played using 5-foot-high thread from land." The use of the word badminton in the article raises doubts in the notes that badminton began in India, although it is well known that this game is known. it was famous there in 1870 and that the rules were made in Poonah in 1873 although some say that the new rules were made in 1877 in the Karachi region of India.
In 1875, veterans returning from India established an association in Folkestone, England. Until 1887, this game was played with the same rules as those in India at the same time. Then The Bath Badminton Club created standardized rules and made the game more acceptable to the British idea until this became a new chapter in the history of badminton (badminton). J.H.E Hart revised his regulations in 1887, and again, in 1890 with Bagnel Wild. Finally in 1893, the British Badminton Association published rules similar to the current rules of badminton and officially released the name badminton at a house called Dunbar, England on September 13 that year. They also made the All England Open Badminton Championship, the first badminton competition in the world in 1899.
In 1934, the International Badminton Federation (IBF), now known as the World Badminton Federation, was founded with Denmark, Scotland, England, the Netherlands, France, Ireland, Canada, Wales and New Zealand as its first members. In 1936 India finally joined as an affiliate. In 1948, the IBF also organized a large tournament called the Thomas Cup, a world tournament participated by male participants. Since then, other world championships have also begun to emerge, such as the Uber Cup for women, the World Championship, the Sudirman Cup, the World Junior Championship, and the World Grand Prix Finals.
In 1966, badminton was introduced as one of the programs in the Commonwealth Games in Kingston, Jamaica and was always a part of it every year after that. 1992 became a big year in the history of badminton (badminton) because in that year badminton was inaugurated as an olympiad in Barcelona after it was previously demonstrated in 1972 in Munich. In the same year in Atlanta a competition was held and the first time there was a mixed doubles branch.
Even though it started in England, Denmark has always dominated men's badminton championships in Europe. While those who dominate the world championship are always countries in Asia. China, South Korea, Malaysia, and Indonesia and Denmark in addition have always been consistent in scoring world-class players over the past few decades with China which has always been the strongest force in this competition.
The history of badminton (badminton) is expected to continue, or even be more brilliant in the digital era like now. Not only are more and more competitions going on, but there are many digital games using badminton as a basis for sports that are allegedly going to attract the interest of the younger generation to know what badminton is, and hopefully they will become interested in playing it in the real world. Not to mention the increasingly easy dissemination of news through social media that can make sponsors here and there getting interested in helping and making this competition much more crowded.
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