If we talk about the story of the Prophet Muhammad receiving the first revelation, we cannot help but talk about the life of the Prophet Muhammad before becoming an apostle. Muhammad who was born with the full name Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim was someone who came from Mecca and united Arabia in a religious view called Islam. Non-Muslims consider Muhammad to be the founder of Islam, while Muslims themselves consider Muhammad to have restored the original monotheistic beliefs of Adam, Noah, Ibrahim, Musa, Isa, and other prophets.
Early Period Muhammad Received First Revelation
The incident experienced by the Prophet Muhammad in receiving his first revelation had never occurred to Muhammad who was born in 570 in Mecca. His father who died 6 months before Muhammad was born caused Muhammad to be born an orphan and was finally sent to live with Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb and her husband until Muhammad turned 2 years old. When he was 6 years old, Muhammad lost his mother, and became an orphan, where Muhammad finally lived with his uncle who came from Bani Hashim, namely Abdul Muttalib. Two years after living with his grandfather, his grandfather died and made Muhammad cared for by Abu Talib who became the successor to the Bani Hashim.
When he was a teenager, Muhammad often accompanied his uncle on a trip to Syria for trade and gain experience in commercial trade, the only career gate open to Muhammad as an orphan. History says that when Muhammad was around 9 to 12 years old, he met a Christian priest named Bahira who had predicted Muhammad's future as a messenger of God.
Unfortunately, not much is known about Muhammad's youth as a teenager. To be sure, at that time the Prophet Muhammad had not received his first revelation. The information contained about Muhammad as a teenager is also difficult to separate between history and legend. What is certain is that he eventually became a merchant and was involved in trade between the Indian oceans and the Mediterranean. Because of his honest character, Muhammad later accepted the nickname al-Amin which was interpreted as "trustworthy". Another nickname that Muhammad received in his youth was al-Sadiq, meaning "the right one" and was always sought as a mediator who never took sides. The reputation that revolved around Muhammad at that time attracted a 40-year-old widow named Khadijah who later proposed to Muhammad. The proposal was accepted and their marriage was a happy marriage.
Several years passed, and according to a narrative that the Collection of History got from a historian named Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad was involved in a famous story, about the placement of a black stone in one part of the wall of the Kaaba in 605. Black stone which is a sacred object this has been released to facilitate the renovation of the Kaaba. The leaders of Mecca at that time could not decide which clans could get the honor of putting the black stone back to its place, where they finally agreed to a proposal to ask whoever first passed through the gates of the Kaaba and that person was Muhammad who was 35 years old, 5 years before his coronation as an Apostle. Muhammad then asked for a piece of cloth, placed a black stone in its center, and asked the clan leaders to jointly hold the edge of the cloth and bring it to the right place so that Muhammad could lay the stone. This caused all the clan leaders to feel that they had the same honor.
Early History The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received his first revelation only when Muhammad began 40 years of age where he would spend much of his time alone praying and speculating about aspects of creation. He began to be concerned about social inequality, injustice, discrimination, war between tribes, and abuse of power. The moral degeneration of the people around him and his adventures to find a true religion became a driving force for Muhammad to begin to retreat to the Cave of Hira, three miles away from Mecca for contemplation and self-reflection. It was during this contemplation that it was believed that the angel Gabriel appeared before Muhammad around the year 610 and said "read it," but apparently Muhammad said that he did not know how to read. That's why Gabriel hugged him tightly twice and afterwards, told Muhammad to read the verse which would later become Muhammad's first revelation. A snippet from surah Al-Alaq verses 1-5 which has the following meaning:
"Read it! In the name of your Lord who created. Making humans from a clot of blood. Read it! And your god is the most noble. Teach with qalam. Things that humans don't know about. "
Confused by the experience he had just experienced, Muhammad returned home where he was later calmed by his wife Khadijah who then took him to his cousin Waraqah ibn Naufal. Waraqah is no stranger to Christian and Jewish scripts, wherein later Waraqah was certain about Muhammad's prophethood. Waraqah then stated that what Muhammad saw was Namus who was sent by Allah to Moses. Waraqah also predicted that Muhammad would be expelled from where he lives now, and swore if he had a long life, he would support Muhammad with all his might.
The story of the Prophet Muhammad receiving the first revelation had a pause some time before Muhammad finally met the angel Gabriel when Muhammad heard a voice from heaven and witnessed the same angel sitting between heaven and earth. After this first revelation, Muhammad continued to receive Revelations which were finally compiled into the Qur'an that we know today.
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