The History of the Origin of the Stone of Hajar Aswad began when the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his son were building the Kaaba, where at that time many components were not met. The Kaaba at that time did not yet have a roof or a door, so Ibrahim and Ismail tried hard to bring rocks from several existing mountains to complete the construction of the building. Hajar Aswad itself becomes an important thing when Muslims are making the Hajj journey, where tawaf starts and ends when the people who are performing the hajj stare at this stone. Over the years, countless people including the prophet Muhammad, friends and millions of Muslims kissed this stone while they were on the Hajj journey.
Reveals the History of Black Stone and Its Relations with the Kaaba
The origin of the Black Stone can not be separated from the history of the Kaaba itself. According to al-Baqarah verse 127, the construction of the Ka'bah, according to the Qur'an, was carried out by Ibrahim and his son, Ismail. It is said that Allah had shown Ibrahim where they had to do construction, which was a place very close to the Zamzam well, finally Ibrahim and Ismail began to work on the construction of the Kaaba in about 2130 BC. When this construction was underway, Ibrahim realized that so many components of the Kaaba were not able to be made due to lack of materials, so he and Ishmael finally went down several mountains to carry the rocks with the aim of completing the construction of the Kaaba.
Even after the entire Kaaba was completed, Ibrahim still felt that an important part was missing. There is one source that says that Ibrahim ordered Ishmael to find another stone that could give a "signal" to humanity. Hearing this, Ishmael went from one hill to another just to find a stone that could be a flare and give a signal to all mankind, and at this moment, the angel Gabriel was sent by God to bring a stone that supposedly said to be white and give it to Ismail. Finding the beautiful white stone, Ismail went home and how happy Ibrahim saw the stone he was carrying. Ismail then answered Ibrahim's question about the location of this stone with the answer "I received this from someone who would not burden my grandchildren or your grandchildren (Jibril)" then Ibrahim kissed the stone, and the movement was then followed by Ismail.
History The origin of the stone Black Stone continued again after the stone was placed by Ibrahim in the eastern corner of the Kaaba. Right after doing that, Ibrahim got a revelation that Allah ordered him to go and proclaim that humanity must make a pilgrimage so that Arabia could be visited by people from far away. Some researchers believe that the Kaaba was actually built in 2130 BC. This calendar is considered consistent with Muslim beliefs that the Ka'bah is the first and oldest mosque in history. According to Samaritan literature, in a book called Secrets of Moses it is written that Ishmael and his eldest son, Nebaioth was the one who built the Kaaba and also the city of Mecca. This book is believed to have been written in the 10th century, while there are other opinions that consider this book was written in the second half of the 3rd century BC.
Hajar Aswad himself actually has become something that is respected even before the preaching of Islam by Muhammad. When the era of Muhammad arrived, this stone was also associated with the Kaaba. Karen Armstrong in her book entitled Islam: A Short History, wrote that the Kaaba was dedicated to Hubal, one of the gods in the Nabataean faith, and in it there were 365 idols, each of which represented one day in a year. According to Ibn Ishaq who was a biographer of Muhammad in the early era, the Ka'bah itself was considered a goddess, three generations before Islam emerged. Semitic Middle Eastern culture also has a tradition of using foreign stones as markers of worship, a phenomenon written in both the Jewish and Qur'anic Gospels.
In the era of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, the history of the Hajar Aswad stone became important when several clans in Mecca fought to determine who was fit to put the Hajar Aswad back in the Kaaba after renovations due to a large fire. After the war had almost begun, the elders of the clan began to approve the proposal that they should ask the next person who passed through the gates of the Kaaba, and incidentally that person was Muhammad who was still 35 years old. After hearing the subject matter, Muhammad asked the clan leaders to bring him a cloth, which he then used to place the Black Stone in the center of the cloth. After being laid down, Muhammad asked each clan leader to grab the edge of the cloth, lift it up, and bring it to the right position to place the Black Stone. After arriving at his place, Muhammad himself took and put the Black Stone in its proper position, and this succeeded in thwarting the war that might have taken place between the Meccan clans.
The history of the Black Stone continues, but before that he had experienced some significant damage. This stone is also said to have been broken by a stone that was fired by a slingshot during the invasion of Mecca by Umayyad. The broken stone fragments were then put back together by Abdullah Ibn Zubayr using silver. In 930, the stone was stolen by the Qarmati to what is now Bahrain. Now, this stone is an important part in the religious ceremonies of Muslims, namely when they perform the pilgrimage.
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