Football is one of the most recognized sports in the whole world. The emergence of the sport of football is believed to begin in 388 BC in Ancient Greece and continues to grow until now. This game is also known as "the game of the world," a designation that makes sense considering the large number of eyes that cannot be separated from the screen if a soccer game is aired.
Early History of Football
There are several different sources about the name that became the pioneer of this sport, because there are records that Cicero once said about the case of someone who was killed by a ball being kicked while he was shaving in a salon. This is reinforced by the fact that the people of Rome at that time already had a ball filled with air named follis. This game called Episkyros has also been called by a Christian theologian, Clement of Alexandria.
Another source stated that the beginning of soccer was a game from China named Cuju, and Cuju had scientific evidence that could be justified. This evidence is written in a Chinese army military manual that was put together by Zhan Guo Ce in 3 to 1 BC. This game involves a leather ball that must be kicked into a small hole that is hung 3 meters above the ground. The game then spread to Korea under the name Chuk-woof and to Japan under the name Kemari.
Throughout human history, several references have been found about ball games from the past, such as in 1586 where a crewman named John Davis played a game similar to football with the Inuit people in Greenland. In 1610, William Strachey, a colonist in Jamestown, Virginia, recorded a game called Pahsaheman by Native Americans. In Australia there are also games where people have to kick the ball and catch it called Marn Grook. New Zealand also has a game called Ki-o-rahi which consists of 7 players per team and is played on a round field which is divided into regions.
It was only in the middle ages that the sport of football began a new chapter in which the popularity of Shrovetide Football matches in Europe, especially England. This form of soccer in England is also commonly called mob football, which is played between neighboring cities or villages with an unlimited number of people. In the 15th century, a game called football emerged in Scotland and was banned in 1424 to 1906. There is also evidence of young people playing football in 1633 in Aberdeen. This ban on playing soccer was also issued in 1409 by King Henry the 4th in England.
At the end of the 15th century, there was a Latin record about football being played at Cawston, Nottinghamshire. This note is the first description of the "kick-kick game" and the first time the word dribbling appears which can be interpreted as rolling the ball not using hands, but legs. "In 1486 it was also referenced by Juliana Berners in the Book of St Albans and in 1580 by Philip Sidney about girls who play soccer. The record of "goals" only existed in the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century precisely in 1584 and 1602 by John Norder and Richard Carew.
Modern Soccer Game
The first time recorded a game similar to football played in schools in England came from Vulgaria written by William Herman in 1519. Herman was the principal of Eton and Winchester College. Richard Mulcaster who at the time was a student at Eton was written as the best soccer player in the 16th century. His major contribution recorded was the creation of a soccer team, position, referee and coach. Mulcaster-style football has changed the history of rough and irregular soccer.
Around 1660, Francis Willughby wrote a Book of Games in which there was a very detailed description of football. Willughby, who graduated from Bishop Vessey's Grammar School at Sutton Coldfield, was the first to write about the goal and a diagram depicting a soccer field. He also wrote about tactics, scores, how to choose team members, to one of the rules of football used until now where players cannot kick other players. Another rule is precisely the offside formed in the 18th century in which players are considered out of their side if only standing between the ball and the goal. These offside regulations began to be different in every school as recorded in the soccer rules in Winchester, Rugby, Harrow, and Cheltenham around 1810 to 1850.
Only at the beginning of the 20th century precisely on May 21, 1904, a soccer federation was formed following the growing popularity of soccer. The Federation later called FIFA was formed on Rue Saint Honore 229, Paris, and its initial members were Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. On the same day, the German association also announced their intention to join by telegram. FIFA's first president was Robert Guerin who was then replaced by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England in 1906 who was already a FIFA member that year. Football matches in competitions that we often see on screen start the extra time round with the formation of FIFA which also aims to regulate everything related to the world of football.
Read More :