Types of Dragon Fruit
According to Santoso (2008), the types of dragon fruit that are often cultivated in Indonesia include:
Hylocereus undatus (Red and White)
This type is most common and is widely grown in Indonesia. The skin of the fruit is red and the flesh is white. The sweetness level is lower than the other types of dragons. It weighs up to 400-700 grams per fruit.
Hylocereus polyrhizus (Purplish Red)
The skin of the fruit is red and the flesh is purplish red. It tastes sweeter than H. undatus, but the maximum weight only reaches 400 grams per fruit.
Hylocereus costaricensis (Red Seper)
At first glance it looks like H. polyrhizus but the color of the flesh is striking red and tastes a little sweeter.
Selenicereus megalanthus (Yellow)
This type is the most different. Yellow skin. The fruit is small, weighing only 80-100 grams per fruit. However, it tastes sweeter than the other three dragons. This type is usually planted in cold areas, at an altitude of more than 800 meters above sea level.
Dragon Fruit Growing Requirements
Sunlight (around 70 - 80%)
Rainfall (around 60 mm / month)
Planted in low land between 0 - 350 masl
Ideal air temperature (around 26 ° - 36º c) & (humidity 70 - 90%)
The soil must aerate well with acidity pH 6.5 - 7
Planting Dragon Fruit
Dragon fruit is planted by cuttings or seed seeding
Media porous (not muddy)
Rich in nutrients
Enough sunlight (temperature between 38-40 ° C)
Daearah with altitude at 0-1200 m above sea level
In general, dragon fruit is planted by cuttings or seed seeding. Plants will thrive if the media is porous (not muddy), rich in nutrients, sandy, enough sunlight and temperatures between 38-40 ° C. If the treatment is good enough, the plants will start to bear fruit at the age of 11-17 months. Highly adaptive dragon fruit is cultivated in various regions with altitudes at 0-1200 m above sea level. The most important thing is getting enough sunlight is a condition for the growth of red dragon fruit.
How to Plant Dragon Fruits in a Pot
Seedling / Seed Selection: Seeds are propagated vegetatively, dark green and gray, ideal size 20-30 cm
Pot Preparation and Planting Media: The selected pot should be made of clay with a diameter of 40-50 cm
Planting Process of Dragon Fruit: Fill the pot with a mixture of planting media up to 80% of the pot volume
Dragon Fruit treatment: replanting, fertilizing, irrigation, reduced watering of plants, irrigation of plants is stopped
Pruning: The most important factor that determines the success of dragon fruit tabulampot fertilization is pruning
Pest Pests in Baga Fruit: Repotting tabulampot dragon fruit can be done after the plant is 3 years old
Rotten Pangkal Batang In Dragon Fruit: This disease arises usually caused by high soil moisture
Dragon Fruit Harvest: Dragon fruit Tabulampot will usually start flowering at around 6 months of age
The Process of Planting Dragon Fruits
The following is the process of planting dragon fruit in pots:
Fill the pot with a mixture of planting media up to 80% of the pot volume. Add 100 grams of dolomite per pot (if necessary) and Hortigro fertilizer 20 grams per pot then stir it until homogeneous.
Make three planting holes with a depth of 10 cm and a diameter of 6 cm in each pot.
Fill in each planting hole with seeds that have been prepared. Compact the planting media at each seedling base. Water it with enough water and do not overflow the base of the stem.
Mount the climbing pole and tie the seeds to the pole so that it does not fall easily.
Place the pot in a location that gets sunlight, especially in the morning.
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